When the history volumes are written, Rod Rosenstein might just be the most interesting flesh of the Russia investigation–the beleaguered deputy attorney general whose memo in his first days on the number of jobs was used to justify the firing of James Comey.

After that he quickly constituted Robert Mueller as the special counselor and spent the subsequent year administering police investigations while under immense persuade from President Trump and congressional wolves seeking to undermine his credibility, even impeach him.

As congressional Republicans have sought to undermine the Justice Department’s integrity and freedom, Rosenstein has done innumerable short-term, tactical franchises to his analysts, bending traditional the regulation and handing over documents to Congress about confidential informants and ongoing investigations–compromises that previous administrations would never have made.

Why would anyone put up with the abuse, vitriol, and daily haranguing from the president’s Twitter report that Rosenstein has weathered? Why would Rosenstein apparently given precedents that undercut the core principles of the Justice Department, an institution that he’s reserved nearly his entire vocation to performing?

I have a simple theory: In a life of hedgehogs and foxes, Rosenstein today is the eventual hedgehog.

Rosenstein knows one terribly big, stupendou, history-shaping stuff–how Trump’s presidency will end–and he’s gambled that if he can hang on long enough, right will be done and the good guys, in his eyes, “re going to win”. His early acts, around Comey’s firing, will be vindicated by history when understood by the illuminate of his fearlessnes and personal sacrifice and refusal to be bullied into quitting, a move that would almost surely lead to Mueller’s investigation being shut down or circumscribed by whichever Trump appointee takes over supervising it next.

Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein knows what he’s safeguarding by staying in his place and pushing each day to retain Mueller’s investigation

Alex Wong/ Getty Images

Remember, Mueller is withhold Rosenstein informed and has returned to him regularly for briefings, to request permission to expand his investigation in key modes, and to hand off parts of the investigation to other Justice Department sections. Which is all to say: Rosenstein knows how the next dominoes fall.

Which wants Rosenstein knows what he’s protecting by staying in his position and defending every day to cure Robert Mueller’s investigation–and to ensure it has the time to come to a public denouement that he surely once knows. Rosenstein is opposing a guerilla battle against Republicans on Capitol Hill and Donald Trump, knowing that he can lose lots of small-minded clashes because eventually he will win the war.

The reason that Rosenstein has stayed on appeared to be on full showing Friday, as he–and he alone–announced the historic indictment of 12 Russian military intelligence officers responsible for the 2016 strikes on the presidential election. It was simply the second time Rosenstein has personally published the special counsel’s accusations, the other being February’s similarly majestic indictment of the Russians involved in the Internet Research Agency’s social information campaign during the election.

It was hard not to view Friday’s press conference as a win sip of styles by Rosenstein, as he announced that the US government had proof beyond a acceptable disbelief that the Russian military attacked American democracy–an announcement he made precisely one day after a marathon, 12 -hour Republican congressional pigpile on the FBI agent, Peter Stzok, who helped launch that highly investigation and perform it in secret throughout the descend 2016 campaign.

The highly detailed, 29 -page indictment of 12 Russian armed intelligence officers was a reminder, more, of the breathtaking degree of detail were aware of Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s team.

The sheer volume of what Robert Mueller known to staggering. Browsing his many tribunal filings since last-place September makes clear he knew private individuals changes Paul Manafort represented in a particular Microsoft Word document; he knew that Dutch lawyer Alex van der Zwaan was lying about what he did on behalf of the members of Manafort and Gates; he knew the specific times Russia military intelligence officers were probing specific statements way back in 2016; he knew the specific cryptocurrency deals used to register the Russian intelligence agency details; he knows what the chartered trolls at the Internet Research Agency were writing in emails to their family members in 2017; he knew the messages Manafort was mailing on encrypted messaging services.

Former Trump Campaign Chairman Paul Manafort fronts a series of indictments brought by the special counseling for money laundering and is scheduled for trial next month.

Zach Gibson/ Bloomberg/ Getty Images

Even those who conceive they know turn out to be surprised by the scale and specificity of what Mueller knows. Last month, the elderly Democrat on the Senate Intelligence Committee, Mark Warner, joked to donors, “If you get me one more glass of wine-colored, I’ll tell you stuff simply Bob Mueller and I know. If you think you’ve identified wild stuff in so far, buckle up. It’s going to be a wild couple of months.” But after Friday’s indictment, Warner said–impressed–that the “vast sum of information” in Mueller’s latest reports were new to him and the Senate Intelligence Committee.

Mueller’s four barrels of indictments–stretching from the IRA’s information activities to the Russian ability active cyber assaults to the Kremlin-backed business deals of Paul Manafort to the 2016 Trump campaign contacts of George Papadopoulos and Michael Flynn–appear to outline the probable four corners of a conspiracy that elongates from the Kremlin to Trump Tower, one that involves Putin-friendly oligarchs, the Russian armed, and elderly level campaign and transition officials whose intentions weren’t consequently “America first.”

What lies in between those four regions is apparently what Mueller and Rosenstein know–and we can expect that the next round of indictments to begin to connect those flecks, particularly in regard to the role of Americans who participated, wittingly or unwittingly, in the attacks. Rosenstein has been scrupulous to point out that neither the the accusations aimed at the GRU–Russian’s primary intellegence arm–nor the IRA allege the involvement of Americans, yet those commands seem carefully chosen to ward off President Trump’s immediate outrage while preserving the possibility that future allegations will very much target Americans.

Examining the public dough sliver of Mueller’s investigation, though, devotes some show about what’s left that we don’t know–the active and ongoing investigative wield that Mueller’s team is engage that hasn’t determined the light of day. In broad-minded containers, there are at least nine significant areas of the investigation more to be penciled in by Mueller.

Spoiler alert: Roughly all of these open avenues concern not only Americans, but sometimes even senior expedition, modulation, and White House aide-de-camps to Donald Trump.

While it’s entirely possible that some investigative boulevards for Mueller’s team won’t pan off into criminal charges, we do know that he and the FBI have had prolonged, sometimes even years-long those who are interested in the following lines of inquiry–none of which have hitherto shown publicly in field 😛 TAGEND

1. How do Erik Prince, the Seychelles, and the induction fit in ?

The Blackwater mercenary founder( and brother to Education Secretary Betsy DeVos) traveled to the remote islands in the Indian Ocean just before Trump’s inauguration to have a secret meeting with a Kremlin official. He’s affirmed the session got nothing to do with Trump–saying it was a routine business meeting for himself–but the FBI filled him at Dulles to question him, and Mueller were allegedly gleaned Prince’s telephone records. Similarly, Russian oligarch Viktor Vekselberg, who–oddly–attended Trump’s induction just days after meeting with Trump lawyer Michael Cohen at Trump Tower and was at the infamous RT TV dinner in Moscow in 2015 with Putin, Michael Flynn, and Jill Stein, was surprised on the tarmac at a US airport by FBI agents from Mueller’s team when he called the US.

2. How do the UAE, Qatar, and Jared Kushner fit in ?

While we’ve largely talked about Mueller’s probe as focusing on Russia, there are clearly some adjacent the issue of other foreign affect in Washington implying Republican donor Elliott Broidy, among others. A key Middle East go-between, Lebanese-American businessman George Nader, is both working in cooperation with Mueller’s investigation and has certified before his glorious jury–indicating a line of probe that hasn’t resulted in any public prices but is somehow central to Mueller’s underlying investigation.

Qatar itself evidently gathered information about the UAE’s campaign to influence Trump son-in-law Jared Kushner but opted against handing it over to Mueller. The special counsel has also been looking into Kushner’s friend Rick Gerson, in part over another , separate assemble in the Seychelles in 2017. Unlike the probe into Trump lawyer Michael Cohen, Mueller hasn’t passed this strand of the investigation off to another role, which appears to indicate that in ways have still not been clear to the general public, the UAE and Qatari questions are related to the underlying Russia probe. This open line of investigate could be related to why Kushner has still not been able to receive the highest level of security clearance for his work on the White House.

3. What capacity did Sergey Kislyak, the GOP convention, and the finances of the Russian Embassy gambling ?

The former Russian ambassador to the US( who was replaced in September by Anatoly Antonov) has been a puzzling illustration over the nearly 18 months since the investigation inaugurated. It was his meetings with now-Attorney General Jeff Sessions, on the sidelines of the Republican National Convention–a convention that verified still unexplained attempts to clear the scaffold more pro-Russia–that led to Rosenstein taking charge of the investigation. And ongoing discoveries about gratifies with Sessions and Jared Kushner and telephone calls with Michael Flynn have given him a shadowy Rasputin-like presence in the entire affair.

As the full scope of the Russian effort becomes clear, it’s all but certain that such a high-level, coordinated strike would have never been attempted against the US without Kislyak’s knowledge; he was–and is–a well-wired, savvy, loyal, longtime mediator, a native Ukrainian who chose to remain Russian when the Soviet Union ended apart and whose terms as ambassador coincided with increased espionage endeavours against the US( at the least one of which involved attempting to recruit future Trump aide Carter Page ).

Add to all of that the report from Buzzfeed that Mueller is scrutinizing innumerable suspicious fees and cash pullouts from the delegation as well as inklings about how Russians like Alexander Torshin might have sought to cultivate the National Rifle Association and Mueller’s apparent interest in the NRA’s fund, and it seems like the special admonish is zeroing in on the way Russian fund had an opportunity to flowed through the American campaign illegally. Really, Torshin appears to be a center figure in a new criminal complaint, entered Monday, charging a 29 -year-old Russian gun titles advocate Maria Butina with acting as an unregistered foreign agent, as part of a scheme to realize bonds and influence the NRA and the GOP.

4. How do Roger Stone, Wikileaks, and other Americans and Brits fit into the GRU indictment ?

As Rosenstein noted, the GRU indictment stopped short of charges against anyone who interacted with the Russian intruders who pretense as “Guccifer 2.0, ” but there are lots of bread dabs about those interactions in the prosecution who are able to, with additional happenings, be fields for possible criminal charges. A US congressional safarus canvassed and received documents on its opponent from Russia. Guccifer 2.0 interacted with “another entity, ” surely Wikileaks, about disclosing the plagiarized Democratic files and the best timing to do so.

And longtime Trump aide Roger Stone says he mulls his interactions with Guccifer 2.0 are mentioned in the arraignment too–perhaps not surprising, since Stone notably tweeted in August 2016 that it will shortly be “Podesta’s time in the barrel, ” months after the GRU had stolen Podesta’s emails but months before they were secreted publicly.

There are numerous previous indications that Mueller is keenly focused on Wikileaks and Stone. At least seven Stone accompanieds have been questioned by Mueller’s team, including Stone’s social media aide last month and the sometimes-twitchy Trump adviser Sam Nunberg back in March.

FBI agents that same month intercepted another informal consultant at international airports in Boston to ask about Wikileaks and Stone. Stone himself has even fixed the curious explanation that he’s “prepared” to be indicted. Stone associate Michael Caputo, another Trump campaign aide, told ABC back in March after being interviewed by Mueller’s team that the questions posed to him concentrated on Stone: “In general they &# x27; re speak about, you know, Guccifer and DCLeaks and Wikileaks. They’re talking about the timing of some things that happened at awareness-raising campaigns and at the convention.”

Beyond time Stone, there are numerous open questions about Wikileaks, identified only as “Organization 1” in Friday’s indictments. Relatedly, Mueller appears to have zeroed in on British politician Nigel Farage and other self-described “Bad Boys of Brexit, ” including businessman Aaron Banks, who encountered frequently with the Russian ambassador in the UK as the Brexit campaign unfolded.

5. What did Mueller learn from George Papadopoulos, Rick Gates, and Michael Flynn ?

Perhaps the most notable unanswered topic in the Trump investigation so far is what Papadopoulos( whose loose lips knocked off the entire original FBI examination ), former Manafort business collaborator Rick Gates, and former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn all transactions for moderation in their own guilty requests. Mueller has handed out nearly 200 criminal charges so far against dozens of targets. And yet–by all appearances–not a single one of those prices have stemmed from information supplied by his cooperating eyewitness. What did they contribute Mueller?

At the same time, the special advise appears to be moving toward sentencing Papadopoulos, means that his character in the investigation might be nearing an boundary, while Flynn’s role will apparently continue into the tumble. At the same period, though, it seems clear that Flynn is under the impression that he will off scot-free: His team announced this past week, prematurely it performs, that he plans to join a new DC consulting firm–not exactly the behavior of someone who thinks he’s heading to federal prison.

6. What’s in those 291,000 Michael Cohen documents ?

The investigation into Trump lawyer and consigliere Cohen was invented off to New York federal prosecutors and appears to be moving quickly–a federal reviewer made Stormy Daniels’ lawsuit against Cohen on hold because of the probability he will soon be indicted. We know that prosecutors grabbed upward of 291,000 items from Cohen and that Cohen has been steadily plunging clues in recent days that he’s preparing to cooperate with counsels, including changing his Twitter bio to reflect he’s no longer Trump’s lawyer. What violations will Michael Cohen be charged with–and “whats being” he tell prosecutors in return for mercy?

7. What’s up with that Trump Tower intersect ?

The email to Donald Trump Jr. from Rob Goldstone that knocked off the now infamous Trump Tower powwow in June 2016 has always appeared as if it were picking up on a previous discussion. Goldstone wrote, in part, “This is obviously very high level and sensitive intelligence but is part of Russia and its government’s support for Mr. Trump, ” a word that seems to indicate that he knows Don Jr. is already aware that Russia is patronizing “his fathers”. Why was it worded that course? And what percolated at the meeting with Kremlin-connected Russian lawyer Natalia V. Veselnitskaya–and after?

Nearly every Trump campaign figure of consequence was in the room–Manafort, Kushner, and Don Jr.–and we now know the gather attained just as Russia ramped up great efforts to with the IRA and GRU to hurt Hillary and cure Trump. The fallout from that fulfill, as it became public last-place summer, looks just like a central part of Mueller’s investigation into obstruction of right. If Mueller’s probe can be thought of as five distinct inquiries, this final blockage cross-examine is the only one he has left uncharged–for now.

8. How relevant is Cambridge Analytica and was there a coordinated effort by the Trump campaign or associates to gather intelligence or unfavorable opponent study on Hillary Clinton ?

We know that Mueller has been examining the notorious–and now defunct–data conglomerate behind Trump’s victory that was funded by top GOP donor Robert Mercer, including interviewing former employees and the banks that worked with it. Inspectors have obviously told those one-time works that their focus is on the firm and “associated US persons, ” a motto that seems to imply interest in as-yet-unknown Americans coordinating with the British firm.

But that’s simply one part of a heap of loose weaves regarding the tech efforts of the Trump campaign in 2016, including a series of Wall street Journal interviews with longtime Republican operative Peter Smith( just days before he killed himself last spring) in which he outlined how he’d made a team to find Hillary’s stolen emails in the summer of 2016. Smith did at the time he was working with Flynn, but there are more unanswered questions than answers about the entire effort.

Focusing on the same timeframe, Mueller’s GRU indictment seems to go out of its room to connect Trump’s acclaimed July 2016 “Russia if you’re listening” remarks to the fact that the GRU intruders began to affect Clinton’s personal email notes after business hours that very same day . Applied that federal summons are carefully written and revised mercilessly, it seems inconceivable to imagine that that wording was included by happenstance.

9. Do people like Carter Page and Felix Sater content ?

It’s hard to keep track of the numerous digits who float in and out of the Trump-Mueller-Russia investigation orbit; some, like Michael Caputo, is not able to finish up mattering at all in the final outcome. Yet there are others, like Carter Page–who was a target of a federal counterintelligence surveillance warrant through much of 2016–and Felix Sater, a one-time intelligence resource himself, who may be bit players in the entire topic or may end up proving to be consequential figures.

These nine different areas of open questions are hardly encyclopedic–this list doesn’t even weigh unanswered questions about, for example, the role of the Russian intelligence service FSB in its own attacks on Democratic targets( an operation known as Cozy Bear) or loose ends from previous arraignments, like the activities of DC superlobbyists Tony Podesta and Vin Weber. And it doesn’t count the innumerable salacious interrogations still unproven in the Steele dossier, like what exactly happened at the Moscow Ritz?

Potentially most consequentially of all, these nine questions are separate from one of the central questions of the Mueller probe: Is Bob Mueller does so with Paul Manafort? The onetime Trump campaign chief is moving toward trial later this month on accuses related to a money laundering planned apparently unrelated to the Trump campaign–and he’s in jail pending trial after allegedly attempting to tamper with observers while out on bail–but that doesn’t mean that Mueller won’t bring additional charges or that Manafort won’t decide to cooperate with Mueller in exchange for leniency. Manafort is in his late sixties, facing hundreds of years in prison, and, if imprisoned on an even a few accuses in what experts say is a particularly strong occasion by Mueller, might never march free again–unless, that is, he has something large-scale to present the special counsel.

Does he? That’s a question Rosenstein himself may not yet know the answer to, but you can be sure that the deputy us attorney general knows most of the answers to the rest of these questions already.

After all, the signature instruction of Mueller’s inquiry at every turn has been that his investigators knows far, far, far more than anyone in the public expected. Just ask the GRU armed intelligence officers who are sitting in their office thinking how Mueller was well known that on June 15, 2016, between 4:19 pm and 4:56 pm Moscow local time, they searched the web for the English phrase “company’s competence” hours before it appeared in the inaugural blog post by “Guccifer 2.0 ”?


Editor &# x27; s mention, 1:39 pm PDT, July 16, 2018: This article has been updated to reflect the accusation of Maria Butina.


Garrett M. Graff( @vermontgmg) is a lending journalist for WIRED and the author of The Threat Matrix: Inside Robert Mueller &# x27; s FBI. He can be reached at garrett.graff @gmail. com .


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